Trees are an interface between the atmosphere and earth. This interface provides a natural and even distribution of electrical current flow between the electrical conduits we know as the Ionosphere (atmospheric currents) and Ground (Telluric currents). Control of the electromagnetic spectrum requires some understanding of this interface and the role that vegetation plays.
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“Transient electric potential variations have been observed in a standing poplar tree equipped with electrodes up to a height of 10.5 m. The simultaneous signals at all electrodes have the same shape and their amplitude grows linearly with height, up to values of 10 to 50 mV. This corresponds to an electric current through the tree of the order of a few mA. The frequency of appearance of the signals does not depend on the season or on the time of the day. It is suggested that the potential variations are caused by the passage of thunderstorm clouds, of little activity, whose electrically charged base could induce charges in the ground and give rise to a current flowing through the tree and discharging at its top by point discharge.”
“Studies of the electric potential and atmospheric conductivity at the ground surface were vigorous, up to the Second World War. Every magnetic observatory was also equipped with sensors or recorders of the electric potential. Noted physicists were engaged in the study of the electrical conductivity of the atmosphere. The 5th division of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (IUGG) was called ‘‘Geomagnetism and Geoelectricity’’.”
“In the middle of the 20th century, the interest waned, but a renewal of interest might well be on its way. Indeed, the vertical downward current Jz, from the ionosphere, through the troposphere to the Earth’s surface (ocean and land), flowing through layer clouds, generates space charges at the upper and lower boundaries of these clouds, capable of affecting the microphysical interactions between the droplets, ice forming nuclei and condensation nuclei, leading to changes in the cloud cover. Short-term meteorological responses to changes in Jz have been observed. Changes in the ‘‘global electrical circuit’’ may provide a candidate for explanation of sun-weather climate over a large range of periods (Tinsley et al., 2007). The capability for trees and forests to generate strong temporal and spatial heterogeneities in Jz might be of some significance and should be investigated more in depth.”
“Trees form the terrestrial interface with the atmosphere in forested regions. The electrical properties of trees may influence their response to atmospheric conditions and potentially lethal phenomena (e.g., lightning). We review the literature describing electrical properties of trees and provide a tabular summary of the methods and goals of each study. We hypothesized that electrical resistivity varies consistently among species and between growth forms. We surveyed resistivity of eight tree and three vine species in Michigan and Kentucky, and we quantified resistivity over a moisture gradient for wood blocks of four tree species. Resistivity varied predictably with stem diameter and differed among species and growth forms. Specifically, resistivity of trees was approximately 200% higher than resistivity of vines, and resistivity of conifers was 135% higher than that of hardwoods. The regional comparison showed no difference in resistivity of red maple (Acer rubrum L.) and sugar maple (Acer saccharum Marsh.) between Michigan and Kentucky. These results, in combination with interspecific differences observed among wood blocks, suggest that there is a phylogenetic basis for variation in resistivity that reflects differences in anatomy and physiology. Our review and empirical survey provide a framework for studying the ecological effects of lightning in the context of the electrical properties of trees.”
In addition to serving as an electrical interface between these electrical currents, trees also contribute to cloud nucleation by their production of natural aerosols and the reaction which occurs with cosmic rays.
“CERN’s CLOUD experiment has shown that biogenic vapours emitted by trees and oxidised in the atmosphere have a significant impact on the formation of clouds, thus helping to cool the planet. These biogenic aerosols are what give forests seen from afar their characteristic blue haze. The CLOUD study shows that the oxidised biogenic vapours bind with sulphuric acid to form embryonic particles which can then grow to become the seeds on which cloud droplets can form.”
Jasper Kirkby of CERN provides further insight into aerosol and cosmic ray interactions that create clouds in our atmosphere.
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After discussing the natural phenomena associated with trees and their effect on our global environment, we can begin to understand how trees are so vital to the global electrical circuit and its control. This interface provided by trees explains the mechanisms being applied to geoengineering practices. Solar Radiation Management Governance Initiative (SRMGI) recommends global aerosol spraying as a purported means to mitigate ‘albedo’ (Earth’s reflectivity). These suggestions are misleading as studies indicate the true result will be increased cloud nucleation and weather modification. Of course, their reasoning for using aerosols fits requirements to offset natural aerosol production above forests.
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While control of the electromagnetic spectrum is in its infancy, the need to limit dissipation of electrical potential between ground and the atmosphere is a critical component. Discharge of stored energy must be restricted in order to accomplish a mission of full spectrum dominance. Through the use of man-made electromagnetic radiation, atmospheric perturbations can be restricted to those of desired consequence. Control of the Global Atmospheric Electrical Grid Circuit is the ‘jewel in the crown’ of modern science.